The sciatic nerve extends from both sides of the lower spine, traveling along the buttock and leg, all the way to the foot. Compression or pinching of this nerve anywhere along this path can lead to a painful condition called sciatica. The pain can range from a nagging pain in the lower back to shooting pains down one of the legs, and is often disabling. Numbness and tingling may also be present.
The spinal cord is protected by the vertebral column of the spine, which allows nerves to pass through various passages created within individual vertebral bones. Spine injuries, wearing of the vertebral bones and damage to the supportive discs between the vertebral bones may result in pinching or compression of the nerves. Back pain is usually the result of nerve compression. Decompression therapy is a treatment that relieves pressure on the nerves to relieve pain.
Back pain is one of the most commonly reported medical problems in society as well as the leading cause of job-related disability. Back and neck pain usually results from abnormalities or injuries to the muscles, ligaments, nerves, bones and joints in the region and can be either acute or chronic. Acute pain usually gets better on its own with simple conservative treatments. However, chronic pain usually requires more intensive treatments and sometimes surgery.
Back braces are often recommended to support the back and limit its movement during an episode of pain or injury. There are various types of back braces and they can have different uses. Some provide support and can be used to treat muscle strains or spine fractures, while others are used to correct an abnormal curvature of the spine. Back braces are also used following spine surgery to support and stabilize the back as it heals.